The period Balkans defines not just the countries which compose a geographic region, but the language family that these countries are a part of and the area. The languages of the Balkans are as different as the Balkan countries themselves: Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina Bulgaria, Macedonia, Montenegro, Romania, Serbia, a part of Greece plus a small area around Istanbul, known as”European Turkey.” Some also feel that Croatia must be included in this enumeration.
Most Europeans speak languages that are members of the Indo-European language family. However, there are certain branches, such as the Germanic branch, which have no representation currently. The Balkan individuals speak mostly lots of, Albanian, Greek and Romance Slavic branches. By Way of Example, that the Romanians speak a Romance language related to French, Spanish and Italian, while the people of Balkans, Serbs, Croats, Bulgarians and Macedonians , speak languages related to Polish and Russian. The Aztec and Greek languages include members of the family.
However, there are a few languages of the Balkans, such as the Turkish Turkish and Romany language, that are regarded as non-Indo-European languages. The multilingual touch on much of the territory gave rise into the Balkan Sprachbund (“linguistic league”), that became the first linguistic region to be identified as such.
WATCH Basics of the Turkish Language
Here is a brief list of All languages and dialects of the Balkans:
Albanian — a Indo-European language perhaps not overly related with all the other European languages; it’s the only spoken Illyrian language on the planet and includes two dialects; currently the Albanian speak the Tosk dialect, while before the World War II the literary language of Albania was Gheg.
Bulgarian — a Slavic language, associated with Serbo-Croatian; it employs a Cyrillic alphabet, just like Serbian.
WATCH Basics of the Bulgarian Language.
Greek — while only a part of Greece is thought by some scholars as part of the Balkan peninsula (largely the northern Greece), it is interesting to notice that Greek is a member of the Indo-European family, indigenous to the southern Balkans; it proceeds to utilize the Greek alphabet.
Romanian — a love language, so it relies on Latin; it is just like the modern Italian language; this language is regarded as a wonder of history, because Dacia, the ancestor property of Romania, was Romanized for over 200 years, and yet the Dacians heard Latin so fast that the Daco-Romanic dialect was formed; the final bit of the Romanian speech was awarded by Slavonic impacts; Istro-Romanian is a really intriguing dialect, a combination of Romanian, Slavonic, Italian and German vocabulary, currently spoken in the Peninsula of Istria; we also ought to mention that the Aromanian language, called Vlach or Macedo-Romanian, that resemble the hierarchical language, but has also Albanian, Serbian and Greek influences. Below I’ve included a movie of Moldovan that is a dialect of Romanian.
WATCH VIDEO: Learning the Moldovan Language
Serbo-Croatian — that the Serbians speak Serbo-Croatian, a Slavic language spoken also by the Croats; however, while the Croats use a Latin alphabet, the Serbs use a Cyrillic (Greek-derived) alphabet quite much like this Russian alphabet; there are 3 dialects included within this language family: the Shtokavian (spoken by most Serbs, Croats, Bosnians and Montenegrins), Chakavian (spoken largely from the Adriatic islands and along the shore ) and also Kajkavian (spoken in north-western Croatia plus a dialect of Slovenian too).
WATCH Learning the basics of the Serbian Language
Macedonian — because Macedonia is a comparatively new country on the Balkan map and because its territories are claimed by both Bulgaria and Serbia, it’s very difficult to tell whether Macedonian is a speech per se or a dialect; nonetheless, we can tell for certain that it uses a South Slavic vocabulary and can be spoken in Macedonia and in some areas of Albania, Romania and Serbia; it uses the Cyrillic alphabet.
WATCH Intro to Macedonian Language
Speak any of these languages? We’d love to hear from you!